The Women’s guide to Urinary Incontinence, symptoms and treatment guide

Urinary Incontinence symptoms
Urinary Incontinence symptoms
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Are you suffering from this Urinary Incontinence? If Yes Check the symptoms and start treatment for today.

Urinary Incontinence, which occurs in women twice as often as it does in men, describes a case of involuntary urination. Put simply, a person experiences accidental leakage of urine often causing discomfort and embarrassment. The higher prevalence of this condition in women can be attributed to the structure of the female urinary tract system as well as pregnancy and childbirth.  

Whilst incontinence can be temporary and occur as a result of a poor diet, medication or an infection, this guide deals primarily with persistent cases. Incontinence is not a disease as such but rather a signal that something else in your body is not performing its function properly. It is therefore essential that you seek the advice of a medical practitioner to determine what is behind the incontinence.  

The two main types of Urinary Incontinence are Stress Urinary Incontinence and Urge Incontinence.

Stress Urinary Incontinence or SUI occurs when the affected person exerts pressure on the pelvic floor by laughing, sneezing, coughing, exercising or any other act which brings about the same effect. Urge incontinence occurs when the affected person experiences a strong and sudden need to urinate despite emptying their bladder a little while earlier.

Urinary Incontinence symptoms
Urinary Incontinence symptoms

An underlying physical difficulty may be a contributing factor with examples such as an obstruction in the form of a tumor or urinary stones, damage to the pelvic floor resulting from a hysterectomy or other procedure involving the female reproductive system, pregnancy, childbirth and neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s or a stroke. Menopause and old age are also likely contributors.

Urinary Incontinence carries complications

which include increased frequency of urinary tract infections, skin rashes as well as the chance of causing a negative impact on your personal life. Whilst attempts to decrease the risk of urinary incontinence may not always work, there are numerous treatment options available to those who suffer from the condition. They vary from medical to lifestyle to surgical.

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Medical options include medication (such as Imipramine) and medical devices which aim to support the pelvic organ (e.g. a Pessary). Lifestyle or behavioral options include bladder training and Kegel exercises. These are often a doctor’s first port of call and are attempted before medical options are considered. In some cases, they work well when implemented alongside medication.

Surgical procedures are conducted to correct the cause of stress incontinence i.e. a dropped bladder neck and urethra which occurs as a result of weakened pelvic floor muscles. The surgery’s aim, therefore, is to restore the bladder and/or the urethra’s position. Surgery often yields the best results when compared to other treatment options through the kind of surgery will depend on your preference, medical wellbeing as well as your doctor’s experience. Examples of popular surgeries include tension-free vaginal tape, retropubic suspension, a urethral sling, electrical stimulation and urethral bulking.

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